Gbanilaaye bi iyasọtọ fun sisẹ data data biometric

Laipẹ, Alabojuto Aabo data Dutch (AP) paṣẹ itanran nla, eyun 725,000 awọn owo ilẹ yuroopu, lori ile-iṣẹ kan ti o ṣayẹwo ika ọwọ ti awọn oṣiṣẹ fun wiwa ati iforukọsilẹ akoko. Awọn data biometric, gẹgẹbi ika ọwọ, jẹ data ti ara ẹni pataki laarin itumo ti Abala 9 GDPR. Iwọn abuda alailẹgbẹ wọnyi le ṣee tọpinpin sẹhin si eniyan kan pato. Sibẹsibẹ, data yii nigbagbogbo ni alaye diẹ sii ju pataki lọ fun, fun apẹẹrẹ, idanimọ. Ṣiṣakoso wọn nitorina ṣe awọn ewu nla ni agbegbe awọn ẹtọ ẹtọ ati ominira awọn eniyan. Ti data wọnyi ba di ọwọ ọwọ ti ko tọ, eyi le fa ja si bibajẹ ti ko ṣe pataki. Awọn data biometric nitorina ni aabo daradara, ati ṣiṣe rẹ ti ni eewọ labẹ Abala 9 GDPR, ayafi ti ko ba kan labẹ ofin fun eyi. Ninu ọran yii, AP pari pe ile-iṣẹ ti o wa ni ibeere ko ni ẹtọ si ẹya iyatọ fun sisẹ data pataki ti ara ẹni pataki.

Nipa itẹka ni aaye ti GDPR ati ọkan ninu awọn imukuro, iyẹn tianillati, we previously wrote in one of our blogs: ‘Fingerprint in violation of GDPR’. This blog focuses on the other alternative ground for exception: fun aiye. Nigbati agbanisiṣẹ lo awọn data biometric bii awọn ika ọwọ ninu ile-iṣẹ rẹ, ṣe o le, pẹlu iyi si ikọkọ, o to pẹlu aṣẹ ti oṣiṣẹ rẹ?

Gbanilaaye bi iyasọtọ fun sisẹ data data biometric

Nipa igbanilaaye jẹ itumọ a kan pato, alaye ati aigbagbọ ikosile ti ife pẹlu eyiti ẹnikan gba ilana ṣiṣe ti data ara ẹni rẹ pẹlu asọye tabi iṣẹ ṣiṣe ti ko ni idaniloju, ni ibamu si Abala 4, apakan 11, GDPR. Ni aaye ti o yato si, agbanisiṣẹ gbọdọ nitorina ko ṣe afihan nikan pe awọn oṣiṣẹ rẹ ti funni ni igbanilaaye, ṣugbọn tun pe eyi ko ti jẹ aibikita, pato ati alaye. Wíwọlé adehun iṣẹ tabi gbigba itọsọna ti oṣiṣẹ ninu eyiti agbanisiṣẹ ti gbasilẹ ero lati aago ni kikun pẹlu itẹka, ko to ni ipo yii, AP pari. Gẹgẹbi ẹri, agbanisiṣẹ gbọdọ, fun apẹẹrẹ, gbekalẹ eto imulo, awọn ilana tabi awọn iwe miiran, eyiti o fihan pe awọn oṣiṣẹ rẹ ti ni alaye pipe nipa sisẹ data data biometric ati pe wọn tun ti fun (fifọ) igbanilaaye fun sisẹ rẹ.

Ti o ba funni ni igbanilaaye nipasẹ oṣiṣẹ naa, o gbọdọ siwaju sii kii ṣe nikan 'kedere' sugbon pelu 'larọwọto fun’, according to the AP. ‘Explicit’ is, for example, written permission, signature, sending an email to give permission, or permission with two-step verification. ‘Freely given’ means that there must be no coercion behind it (as was the case in the case in question: when refusing to have the fingerprint scanned, a conversation with the director/board followed) or that permission may be a condition for something different. The condition ‘freely given’ is in any case not met by the employer when employees are obliged or, as in the case in question, experience it as an obligation to have their fingerprint recorded. Generally, under this requirement, the AP considered that given the dependency resulting from the relationship between the employer and employee, it is unlikely that the employee can freely grant his or her consent. The opposite will have to be proven by the employer.

Ṣe oṣiṣẹ kan beere fun igbanilaaye lati ọdọ awọn oṣiṣẹ wọn lati ṣe ilana itẹka wọn? Lẹhinna AP kọ ẹkọ ni ọran ti ọran yii pe ni opo eyi ko gba laaye. Lẹhin gbogbo ẹ, awọn oṣiṣẹ dale lori agbanisiṣẹ wọn ati nitorinaa nigbagbogbo ko wa ni ipo lati kọ. Eyi kii ṣe lati sọ pe agbanisiṣẹ ko le gbekele aṣeyọri nigbagbogbo lori ilẹ igbanilaaye. Sibẹsibẹ, agbanisiṣẹ gbọdọ ni ẹri ti o to lati ṣe afilọ rẹ lori ipilẹ ti itẹlọrun ni aṣeyọri, lati le ṣe ilana data biometric ti awọn oṣiṣẹ rẹ, gẹgẹbi awọn ika ọwọ. Ṣe o pinnu lati lo data biometric laarin ile-iṣẹ rẹ tabi ṣe agbanisiṣẹ rẹ beere lọwọ fun igbanilaaye lati lo itẹka rẹ, fun apẹẹrẹ? Ni ọran naa, o ṣe pataki lati ma ṣe lẹsẹkẹsẹ lẹsẹkẹsẹ ati lati funni ni igbanilaaye, ṣugbọn lati kọkọ ni alaye daradara. Law & More awọn aṣofin jẹ amoye ni aaye ti aṣiri ati pe o le fun ọ ni alaye. Ṣe o ni awọn ibeere miiran nipa bulọọgi yii? Jọwọ kan si Law & More.

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